Testimony of John Louder v. Bridget Bishop
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Source Citation Essex County Court Archives, vol. 1, no. 145, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, Judicial Archives, on deposit James Duncan Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA.
Godbeer's The Salem Witch Hunt (2011) #49 (pp. 112-113): John Louder against Bridget Bishop, June 2, 1692
Records of the Salem Witch-Hunt (2009) No. 278: Testimony of John Louder v. Bridget Bishop
  • June 2, 1692: Testimony Sworn Before the Grand Jury and at Trial of Bridget Bishop
No symbol after the date indicates that the assigned date is certain. This is typically based on the inclusion of the date in the text of the document
indicates that although there is no date on the document itself, internal references or other evidence make the dating probable
indicates that there is no original date present in the record itself, and there is a lack of sufficient circumstantial evidence, so the date given is the best approximation
[?] after the date indicates that a date cannot be established with any level of confidence, and a speculative date or month has been assigned
See pp. 98-99 of Records of the Salem Witch-Hunt
The Salem Witchcraft Papers (1977) Vol. 1, pp. 99-101: John Louder v. Bridget Bishop
Levin's What Happened in Salem? (1960)
Woodward's Records of Salem Witchcraft (1864) Vol. 1, pp. 160-162: John Londer v. Bridget Bishop
Cotton Mather's Wonders of the Invisible World (1692) II. Bridget Bishop: X. John Louder (pp. 68-9)


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