17th Century New England, with special emphasis on the Salem Witchcraft Trials


Site Index


Archeological Exploration

A dedicated group of historians/archeologists have done a lot to explore the phsyical remains of the imprint the people in the 17th century have left behind.

Best! Wreck of a Vessel from Phip's Fleet [Link #12]
This site from Quebec details the 1994 underwater discovery, and subsequent exploration and archeological research, of the wreck of one of Sir William Phips' ships, which sank in Bouleaux Cove in 1690 during King William's War, probably in a storm after Phip's defeat at Quebec City by Frontenac. Lots of interesting historical information, maps, underwater photography of the wreck and objects, and explanations about the process of identifying and preserving the artifacts. The entire site is also available in French -- and some of the pages are only available in French. Definitely a cool site! [NOTE: This is the same Phips who would go on two years later to become the royal governor of Massachusetts and who set up and then disbanded the Court of Oyer and Terminer which was responsible for the witch trials and executions in Salem...]

The Port Royal Earthquake (Port Royal, Jamaica earthquake, June 7, 1692) by Larry Gragg [Link #380]
Gragg described the 7.5 earthquake that shattered this port town in Jamaica in 1692 and reviews the complex lessons that preachers of the period drew from the event.

Virtual Phips: The Archaeology of the Phips Homestead, Woolwich, Maine by Emerson W. Baker [Link #312]
The archeological project of the homestead of William Phips. "The homestead was constructed between 1639 and 1646, and was abandoned and destroyed on August 14, 1676, in a Wabanaki raid during King Phillip's War. The site was the birthplace and childhood home of Sir William Phips, the first American to be knighted the the King of England, and the first royal governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. "

The Humphrey & Lucy Chadbourne Archaeology Site by Emerson W. Baker [Link #313]
Details about the archeological dig at the Humphrey Chadbourne Site (ca. 1643-1690) in South Berwick, Maine.

Plymouth Archeological Redisovery Project [Link #314]
From the site: "While Plymouth Colony maintains a rich and valuable Native American and Colonial history, the archaeology of the former Plymouth Colony has never been utilized to the degree that we feel it can be." Includes some research papers and lesson plans.

Folk Magic In Britain Project by Brian Hoggard [Link #316]
Although this site is specific to Britain, not New England, it brings some fascinating details about the folk practices of the countrymen of the white settlers in New England: "The purpose of this site is to present and gather information on a rather unusual range of objects that can be discovered hidden within the walls and under the floors of old buildings.  Objects such as dried cats, horse skulls, old shoes, written curses and charms, witch-bottles and ritual marks were often placed in buildings.  These objects, and many other kinds of object, were usually concealed in buildings and sometimes outdoors for use as spells or counter-spells and currently not enough is known about them." The "witch bottles" are my favorites!

Earthfast Architecture in Early Maine by Emerson W. Baker, Robert L. Bradley, Leon Cranmer and Neill DePaoli [Link #335]
A discussion of archeological evidence of earthfast, or "post-in-ground," buildings in Maine. From the site: "These sites are found throughout the territory occupied by the English in the seventeenth century, and represent occupations from the late 1620s to the second quarter of the eighteenth century."

Links in this Category = 7

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This page was last updated Feb. 15, 2009 by Margo Burns, margoburns@gmail.com