17th Century New England, with special emphasis on the Salem Witchcraft Trials


Site Index


Native American Indians

New England was inhabited long before any of the white English colonists began to invade. The full story cannot be told if this part of the population is overlooked or ignored.

Best! Mayflower and Early Families [Link #6]
This is a very cool site -- full of texts of wills and deeds, image scans of actual documents, a bulletin board for discussions, some vital records (Saybrook, CT, and Plymouth County, MA) -- even a couple of "slide shows" about the Plymouth colony and the events in Salem. The site was orginally called "The Massachusetts Enquirer: Mayflower, MA & New England Events, People, Life" -- an interesting attempt to portray colonial New England events as if being reported today -- but the site has been deepened and that has become only part of the site, renamed "The Colonial Gazette" when the site was given a major overhaul in March-May 1999. Thumbs up to the folks at Maddox Interactive for this contribution to the Internet!

Best! First Nations: Histories [Link #13]
This site provides information about the histories and languages of peoples who lived in North America before European colonization, including:
  • Abenaki -- Maine to Lake Champlain, south to the Merimac Riover, north to Quebec
  • Algonkin -- Ottowa River Basin, between Ontario and Quebec
  • Massachuset -- Valleys of the Charles and Neponset rivers in eastern Massachusetts.
  • Mattabesic -- Western Connecticut
  • Metoac -- Long Island
  • Micmac -- Canadian Maratimes
  • Mohegan -- Eastern Connecticut
  • Narragansett -- Narragansett Bay and western Rhode Island
  • Nauset -- Cape Cod
  • Niantic -- Southern coast of New England
  • Nipmuc -- Central Massachusetts, northern Connecticut and Rhode Island
  • Pennacook -- Merrimac River Valley of Southern New Hampshire
  • Pequot -- Southeastern Connecticut to the Niantic River
  • Pocumtuk -- Connecticut River Valley in Massachusetts
  • Wampanoag -- Southeastern Massachusetts, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket

Teaching About Thanksgiving [Link #74]
This text document is from The Fourth World Documentation Project, a service provided by The Center For World Indigenous Studies, and presents the tale of Thanksgiving with information about the Indian participants. Please see the link to "Debunking a Popular Internet Lesson Plan," (Link #366) for a convincing critique of the historical errors in this document.

Questia: Salem Witch Trials [Link #324]
Questia is "the world's largest online library of over 47,000 books and 375,000 journal, magazine and newspaper articles", -- and is a commercial site. Still, for less than $20/mo. or $120/yr. (prices as of 1/1/04), you can access a LOT of excellent book-length material as well as articles on-line about the Salem witch-hunt.

Best! NativeTech: Native American Technology and Art by Tara Prindle [Link #155]
This amazing site, hosted at the University of Connecticut website, is full of pictures of various articles made by natives, loads of descriptions, instructions, bibliographies, recipes, games, with a chat room and a forum, and pages for the Nipmuc Indian Association of Connecticut (NIAC). Got a Top 5% rating from Lycos -- don't miss it! Please note: these images are copyrighted and permission must be obtained from Tara Prindle, the page author, to reproduce any of these graphics.

MAGIC Historical Map Collection [Link #281]
Collection of maps from 1676-1900, including a marvelous map by Marden from 1676 with the names of the native peoples located geographically. Of course, considering this was the time of King Philip's War, such information was probably considered crucial to the English soldiers.

Selected Secondary Bibliography on Mary Rowlandson and Captivity Narratives by Donna M. Campbell [Link #352]
A great bibliography of commentary on Indian captivity narratives.

Historical Sketches of Andover (1894) by Sarah Loring Bailey [Link #362]
The on-line text of this 19th century history of Andover. Lots of genealogical information and a history of the town during the Indian wars and the witchcraft trials of the 17th century.

Best! Debunking a Popular Internet Lesson Plan [Link #366]
This page takes on the factual errors in the Thanksgiving lesson "Teaching About Thanksgiving" (see below, Link #74) by The Fourth World Documentation Project, with many primary sources to prove its points. (Thanks to Jeremy Bangs for bringing this page to my attention.)

The History Channel's United States Message Boards [Link #28]
The History Channel's message boards include a variety of topics of interest, but they change too frequently to list here

Connecticut State Library: History and Genealogy [Link #61]
This library has a lot of resources, although most listed are items in their collection, not available on-line, but these valuable ones are:

The Pocahontas Myth - Powhatan Renape Nation - the real story, not Disney's Distortion by Chief Roy Crazy Horse [Link #113]
from the site: "In 1995, Roy Disney decided to release an animated movie about a Powhatan woman known as 'Pocahontas'. In answer to a complaint by the Powhatan Nation, he claims the film is 'responsible, accurate, and respectful.' We of the Powhatan Nation disagree. The film distorts history beyond recognition. Our offers to assist Disney with cultural and historical accuracy were rejected. Our efforts urging him to reconsider his misguided mission were spurred. "

Powhatan Renape Nation American Indian Museum [Link #114]
The only Indian owned and operated museum in New Jersey. PO Box 225, Rancocas, NJ 08073. The museum is open Tuesdays and Thursdays by appointment (call 609-261-4747 to make an appointment), and Saturdays from 10:00am - 3:00pm. No appointment is necessary on Saturday.

Mathew Brady Photograph of Edwin Forrest in the role of Metamora, circa 1860 [Link #118]
John Augustus Stone's play "Metamora, or the Last of the Wampanoags," (1829) was based on the story of Metacom, a.k.a. King Philip, and was very popular for a long time, and a long time after King Philip's War, the events of which inspired the play.

Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center [Link #133]
from the site: "The world's largest and most comprehensive Native American museum and research center offers an array of engaging experiences for young and old, from life-size walk-through dioramas that transport visitors into the past, to changing exhibits and live performances of contemporary arts and cultures. Four full acres of permanents exhibits depict 18,000 years of Native and natural history in thoroughly researched detail, while two libraries, including one for children, offer a diverse selection of materials on the histories and cultures of all Native peoples of the United States and Canada."

The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe [Link #138]
The Mashpee Wampanoags' official website for tribal news and events.

Best! The Significance of Wampum to Seventeenth Century Indians in New England by Lois Scozzari [Link #139]
Well-documented short paper,which was originally published in The Connecticut Review, by a graduate student in American Studies at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut.

GenForum's American Indian Genealogy Forum [Link #146]
Web-based forum on genealogy of American Indians.

Soldiers in King Philips's War by George Madison Bodge [Link #205]
From the site: "being a critical account of that war, with a concise history of the Indian wars of New England from 1620-1677, official lists of the soldiers of Massachusetts colony serving in Philip's war, and sketches of the principal officers, copies of ancient documents and records relating to the war, also lists of the Narragansett grantees of the United colonies, Massachusetts, Plymouth and Connecticut;" Second edition; First issued in the New England historical and genealogical register, 1883-91, v. 37-45; and first published separately in 1892

Perspectives in American Literature: A Research and Reference Guide by Paul P. Reuben [Link #223]
The 17th century section of an Americna literature site for courses at California State University, Stanislaus. Includes lot sof images and bibliographies for the likes of Samuel Sewall, Cotton Mather, Mary Rowlandson, and others.

Dustin Genealogy by John Warner Barber [Link #224]
Includes a section "From 'Historical Collections, Being a General Collection of Interesting Facts, Traditions, Biographical Sketches, Anecdotes, &c., Relating to the History and Antiquities of Every Town in Massachusetts, with Geographical Descriptions' by John Warner Barber, published 1839 by Dorr, Howland & Co."

Narragansett Stalking Horse: The English Role in the Pequot War by Clayton E. Cramer [Link #259]
Discussion about the motivations behind the so-called "Pequot War" between the English in Connecticut and the Narragansetts. Well-cited.

Indian Converts by Experience Mayhew [Link #336]
Excerpt from this 1727 book.

English Trade in Deerskins and Indian Slaves [Link #359]
Encyclopedia article on the history of the enslavement of the Native Americans in Georgia by English traders in the 17th century. From the site: "Indian slave raiders captured slaves, mostly women and children, by the thousands and sold them to English, French, and Dutch slavers, who shipped them to the sugar plantations in the Caribbean, although some certainly went to the new coastal plantations in Virginia, South Carolina, and French Louisiana."

Indian deed for Boston, 19 March 1685 [Link #369]
from the website: "This 1685 quitclaim deed formalized the transfer of the peninsula that became the town of Boston from the native Massachuset Indians to the English colonists."

Links in this Category = 25

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This page was last updated Feb. 15, 2009 by Margo Burns, margoburns@gmail.com